Over the past decades, Europe has achieved substantial improvements in fire safety thanks to the continuous adjustment and implementation of fire safety strategies. As a result of comprehensive approaches, fire fatalities have fallen by 65% in Europe over the last 30 years.
However, more needs to be done as fire safety in buildings remains a major societal issue. According to statistics, it is estimated that, in Europe, around 5000 people a year are killed due to building fires.
All actors involved should intensify their efforts in finding and implementing effective solutions.
According to the subsidiarity principle, fire safety is a national competence, but the European Union also has a role to play.Most of the fatalities from fire happen in residential fires that are preventable .
To achieve this, fire safety in buildings requires a holistic approach from preventing the start of any fire to containing and extinguishing it.
In this guide, we present the seven layers of fire safety that must be considered to protect citizens and buildings, and how each of these can be improved.
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