Members of CFPA Europe

United Kingdom

Region: England and Wales [Scotland and Northern Ireland are different authorities]


John Briggs


Description of the national fire regulation framework for buildings

In the UK there is a 2 strand approach. Building Regulations 2010 is the law and regulates the way people and companies build. This regulation is assisted by “guidance” for particular types of buildings, such as Approved Documents and various BS standards. Building regulations are mandatory, but the guidance is considered “best practice” Meaning of “general fire precautions” 1) In this Order “general fire precautions” in relation to premises means, subject to paragraph (2)— (a)measures to reduce the risk of fire on the premises and the risk of the spread of fire on the premises; (b)measures in relation to the means of escape from the premises; (c)measures for securing that, at all material times, the means of escape can be safely and effectively used; (d)measures in relation to the means for fighting fires on the premises; (e)measures in relation to the means for detecting fire on the premises and giving warning in case of fire on the premises; and (f)measures in relation to the arrangements for action to be taken in the event of fire on the premises, including— (i)measures relating to the instruction and training of employees; and (ii)measures to mitigate the effects of the fire. (2) The precautions referred to in paragraph (1) do not include special, technical or organisational measures required to be taken or observed in any workplace in connection with the carrying on of any work process, where those measures — (a)are designed to prevent or reduce the likelihood of fire arising from such a work process or reduce its intensity; and (b)are required to be taken or observed to ensure compliance with any requirement of the relevant statutory provisions within the meaning given by section 53(1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc 1974(1). (3) In paragraph (2) “work process” means all aspects of work involving, or in connection with— (a)the use of plant or machinery; or (b)the use or storage of any dangerous substance.

Scheme for obtaining building permission

Regional authorities are in charge of regulations related to planning and building permits. Local authorities manage the building permits through the LABC local Authority Building Control.

Requirements for performance declaration for building components

The reaction to fire of a material characterizes, among other things, its ability to be combustible and its ability to ignite. Seven criteria define the European classification (Euroclasses) for building materials.

Title of the overall building regulations where fire safety is regulated

Guidelines regarding performance based fire safety design

NFCC – Specialized Housing Guidance
BS 9999 Code of Practice for Fire Safety in the design management and use of buildings
BS 9990 Non-automatic fire fighting systems in buildings
BS 9991 Firesafety in the design management and use of residential buildings
BSEN 12845 Sprinkler Rules

Other relevant documents regarding general fire safety regulations