Monthly Archives: October 2019

Moniteur prevnetion Infographie 2018 F

The situation of fire prevention in Belgium – Results of the population survey

The Belgian Ministry of the Interior and ANPI organise every two years a survey on the population’s knowledge and sensitivity to fire prevention messages.

2143 people over 25 years old in all regions, social conditions, education and housing type were interviewed between 24 September and 12 October 2018.

The items covered in particular:

– contacts with the prevention sector (firefighters, architects and insurers),
– known and applied preventive measures,
– the presence or absence and proper use of smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, fire blankets and the implementation of an evacuation plan,
– building equipments,
– the Ministry’s prevention campaigns.

The results are available on


Project SEBRA Systems Perspective on Industrial Fire Safety – a study on fire safety organization and usability

Project SEBRA Systems Perspective on Industrial Fire Safety – a study on fire safety organization and usability

At the industrial workplace, conflicts may occur between production and fire safety solutions, sometimes to the point where fire protective routines or installations are bypassed. A common answer to such issues is to strengthen administrative barriers such as rules, safety information and training. However, in an industrial organization where resources are already strained, even more checks and routines will only run the risk of aggravating the problem at hand.

Publisher: RISE | Authors: Helene Degerman och Staffan Bram 600-161 | Year: 2019

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Read summary in Swedish

Read summary in English


Fire Sectioning in the Attic Can Save a Terraced House from Total Destruction

In older terraced houses the attic can be a single open space, extending from one end of the building to the other. This means that a fire in one flat can spread to the entire building through the attic. The end result may be total destruction. The Finnish National Rescue Association (SPEK) recommends that all open space attics in so far unsectioned terraced houses be sectioned with fire resistant structures.

Fires in terraced houses often progress so that the heat breaks a window through which hot fire gases and smoke break out, accumulating at first under the eaves. Then they make their way into the attic. If the attic is not sectioned with smoke proof structures, the entire attic space fills with smoke.
The fire can also break through a flat’s ceiling and spread directly into the attic. When there is enough hot smoke, the attic catches fire along its entire length.

This may be the case, particularly, in houses built before October 1990. The building code for terraced houses built after that requires sectioning of individual flats in such a manner that their adjoining walls extend all the way to the roof. Such sectioning delays the spread of fire for at least 30 minutes and the fire cannot easily spread from one flat to another through the attic. Sectioning also makes firefighting easier.
On average, approximately 300 terraced houses catch fire in Finland each year and news of totally destroyed terraced houses is not rare.
Therefore, SPEK recommends voluntary attic sectioning renovations for all such terraced houses where this has not yet been implemented.

Sectioning can be achieved after construction, for example, by installing suitable solid, flameresistant side shields on roof trusses. It is also important to tightly pack the insulation against the roofing material at the top.
When needed, soft mineral wool can be used to achieve this. Then the smoke cannot make its way around the insulating sheets to spread the fire. Sectioning, or the lack of it, can be checked by peeking into the attic. If it is possible to see both of the end walls through the building, sectioning is inadequate by modern safety standards.

– The easiest way to incorporate the change is when it is done during a roof renovation, at which time it is possible to tightly insulate even the low end spaces of the attic. At best, it is possible to section the attic at each flat’s adjoining walls, akin to new construction.
However, since this is a voluntary measure, it may not necessarily achieve the same standard as new buildings. Still, any sectioning in the attic will improve safety, hints Ilpo Leino, Head of Security, Finnish National Rescue Association.
What is the Fire Prevention Technology Development Group?

The Fire Prevention Technology Development Group is a group of experts whose shared goal is to advance safety and to develop the service and maintenance, qualityand technical prospects of fire prevention technology. The environment is constantly developing and fire prevention must stay up-to-date to meet the new challenges.

Ilpo Leino
Senior Advisor
The Finnish National Rescue Association, SPEK
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